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Mobility Lease

Mobility Lease in Paris: A Comprehensive Guide


In Paris, finding suitable housing can be a complex and challenging process, particularly for those needing short-term accommodations. To address this need, the French government introduced the Mobility Lease (Bail Mobilité) in 2018 as part of the ELAN law. This lease type is specifically designed to cater to temporary housing needs, providing a flexible and legal framework for tenants and landlords looking for Paris rental options.

What is a Mobility Lease?

A Mobility Lease is a specific type of apartment rental agreement tailored for temporary housing needs in Paris. It is designed to accommodate tenants who require short-term accommodations due to professional, educational, or personal reasons. The lease period ranges from one month to ten months, with no possibility of renewal or extension beyond the initial ten-month term.

Who Can Benefit from a Mobility Lease?

The Mobility Lease is particularly beneficial for:
- Students: Enrolled in higher education institutions, requiring short-term accommodation for an academic semester or internship.
- Professionals on Temporary Assignment: Individuals working on a project or mission that necessitates temporary relocation.
- Apprentices and Trainees: Those undergoing vocational training or internships.
- Volunteers: Individuals involved in civic service or similar voluntary engagements.
- Individuals in Professional Transition: Including those in training or seeking new employment opportunities.

Key Requirements and Conditions

To ensure that the Mobility Lease serves its intended purpose, there are several requirements and conditions that both landlords and tenants must adhere to:

1. Eligibility of Tenants:
- Tenants must be able to justify their temporary need for accommodation through documentation such as a work contract, internship agreement, or school enrollment confirmation.

2. Lease Duration:
- The lease term must be between one and ten months. It is non-renewable and cannot be extended. Once the lease period expires, a new lease agreement must be signed if the tenant wishes to stay longer, though it cannot be another Mobility Lease for the same property.

3. Rent and Security Deposit:
- Unlike traditional leases, the Mobility Lease does not require a security deposit, making it financially more accessible for tenants. However, landlords can still request a security deposit if both parties agree to it.

4. Furnished Property:
- The property must be furnished, providing tenants with essential living amenities. This includes furniture, kitchen appliances, and other necessary household items to ensure a comfortable stay.

5. Termination:
- Tenants can terminate the lease at any time with one month's notice, providing flexibility. Landlords, however, cannot terminate the lease before the agreed-upon end date unless there is a significant breach of contract by the tenant.

6. Legal Formalities:
- The lease agreement must be written and must specify that it is a Mobility Lease. It should include details such as the duration, rent amount, and a list of furnished items provided. A model lease agreement is often used to ensure compliance with legal requirements.

Terminating a Mobility Lease

The process for terminating a Mobility Lease is designed to be straightforward and flexible, primarily for the tenant's benefit.

1. Tenant-Initiated Termination:
- Tenants can terminate the lease at any time during the lease period by providing one month's notice. This notice must be given in writing, either through a registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt or through an electronic means that ensures the notice is received and recorded.

2. Landlord-Initiated Termination:
- Landlords cannot unilaterally terminate the lease before the agreed-upon end date unless the tenant significantly breaches the contract (e.g., non-payment of rent, damaging the property).

Notice Departure for a Mobility Lease

The required notice period for a tenant to terminate a Mobility Lease is one month. This means that the tenant must inform the landlord at least one month in advance of their intended departure date. This notice period provides the tenant with flexibility while giving the landlord adequate time to prepare for the next tenant.

Extending a Mobility Lease

The Mobility Lease is non-renewable and cannot be extended beyond the initial term of one to ten months. However, if the tenant needs to stay longer, there are a couple of options:

1. New Lease Agreement:
- After the expiry of the Mobility Lease, the tenant and landlord can enter into a new lease agreement. This new lease cannot be another Mobility Lease for the same property but must be a traditional rental lease, such as a furnished or unfurnished lease, with a new set of terms and conditions.

2. Alternative Accommodation:
- If the current property cannot be re-leased to the tenant under different terms, the tenant may need to seek alternative accommodation to meet their extended stay requirements.

Benefits of a Mobility Lease

The Mobility Lease offers several advantages for both tenants and landlords in the Paris rental market:

1. Flexibility:
- The lease's short-term nature provides significant flexibility for tenants who have temporary housing needs without being locked into long-term commitments.

2. No Security Deposit:
- The absence of a mandatory security deposit reduces the financial burden on tenants and makes it easier for them to secure housing.

3. Simplified Processes:
- The legal framework surrounding the Mobility Lease simplifies the rental process, providing clear guidelines and protections for both parties.

4. Attractive to Landlords:
- For landlords, the Mobility Lease allows for higher rental income potential due to the short-term nature of the lease, which can command higher rent compared to long-term stays.

Challenges and Considerations

Despite its benefits, the Mobility Lease also presents certain challenges and considerations:

1. Tenant Turnover:
- The short-term nature of the lease results in higher tenant turnover, which can mean more frequent marketing and administrative work for landlords.

2. Compliance:
- Both parties must ensure strict compliance with the legal requirements, including documentation and proper furnishing, to avoid disputes.

3. Limited Duration:
- The non-renewable aspect of the lease can be inconvenient for tenants who might need a bit more time but cannot extend the lease under the same terms.


The Mobility Lease is a valuable solution for addressing short-term housing needs in Paris. By providing a flexible and accessible rental option, it supports students, professionals, and other individuals in transition, while offering landlords an opportunity to benefit from the dynamic rental market. Understanding the requirements and conditions of the Mobility Lease is crucial for both tenants and landlords to ensure a smooth and legally compliant rental experience.

In summary, whether you are looking for a month-to-month rental, a furnished rental, or a short-term flat in Paris, the Mobility Lease provides a practical and regulated solution. This lease type bridges the gap between temporary needs and the stability of traditional long-term stays, making it a preferred choice for those navigating the vibrant Paris rental landscape.